Question 1: Which city is known as the birthplace of democracy?
Correct Answer: Athens
Fact: Democracy, in its earliest form, was developed in Athens during the 5th century BCE. This system of governance allowed citizens to participate in decision-making processes, including the enactment of laws and policies, by casting votes in an assembly known as the ekklesia.
Question 2: The Parthenon was built in honor of…
- Alexander the Great
Correct Answer: Athena
Fact: The former temple was built between 447 and 438 BCE and was dedicated to the goddess Athena. Legend has it that Athens acquired its name following a contest between the goddess and Poseidon, both of whom wanted to be its patron. Athena won and the rest is ancient history.
Question 3: Who is considered the founding father of Western philosophy?
Correct Answer: Socrates
Fact: A Greek philosopher, Socrates (c. 470-399 BCE) is considered the 'Father of Western Philosophy,' renowned for his profound contributions to philosophy, particularly in the areas of ethics and epistemology. He had a unique method of philosophical inquiry known as the Socratic method.