Question 1: What ship lies beneath the Pearl Harbor memorial?
- USS Oklahoma
- USS Arizona
- USS California
Correct Answer: USS Arizona
Fact: The USS Arizona was commissioned in 1916, and carried President Woodrow Wilson to the Paris Peace Conference that ended World War I. The battleship sank during the attack on Pearl Harbor, and 1,177 of its officers and crew were lost when a bomb detonated the ship's explosive-laden magazine. Its unsalvageable remains are still there. The memorial over the ship was opened in 1962.
Question 2: Which Hawaiian island is home to Pearl Harbor?
Correct Answer: Oahu
Fact: Pearl Harbor was once a shallow lagoon with an entrance that was not deep enough for ships to pass through. It was made navigable first by Keaunui, an Ewa chief, and was later expanded when the US Navy established a base there in 1899.
Question 3: What element reacts with water and oxygen, creating rust?
Correct Answer: Iron
Fact: The iron frame of the USS Arizona has turned reddish-brown because of oxidation. The sunken battleship is likely to remain on the sea floor until it erodes to nothing. The ship would likely fall to pieces if there was an attempt to pull it out, so the rust continues to eat away at its metal.