Question 1: This woman’s refusal to give up her seat on a bus became a touchstone moment in the civil rights movement. Who is she?
- Harriette Moore
- Harriet Tubman
- Rosa Parks
Correct Answer: Rosa Parks
Fact: Martin Luther King Jr. wrote of Parks' arrest, "Actually, no one can understand the action of Mrs. Parks unless he realizes that eventually the cup of endurance runs over, and the human personality cries out, 'I can take it no longer.'"
Question 2: Which amendment to the Constitution guarantees due process and equal protection rights to all citizens?
- 1st Amendment
- 5th Amendment
- 14th Amendment
Correct Answer: 14th Amendment
Fact: Adopted July 9, 1868, as one of the Reconstruction Amendments, the 14th Amendment addresses citizenship rights and equal protection under the law.
Question 3: What group of students was famous for challenging school segregation in the deep South?
- Nation of Islam
- Black Panthers
- Little Rock Nine
Correct Answer: Little Rock Nine
Fact: Federal troops and the National Guard were called in to intervene on behalf of the nine Black students, who were threatened with violence for the simple act of attending a newly integrated public school in Little Rock, Arkansas, in 1957.