Question 1: What kind of stone is Al-Khazneh (aka the Treasury) carved out of?
Correct Answer: Sandstone
Fact: The caves, temples, and tombs carved from pink sandstone in this once-thriving center of trade earned Petra the nickname 'the Rose City.' Al-Khazneh, featured in our image, is an ancient temple built around 2,000 years ago, thought to have been the final resting place of Aretas IV, king of the Nabataean people.
Question 2: Which people built Al-Khazneh?
- The Greeks
- The Romans
- The Nabataeans
Correct Answer: The Nabataeans
Fact: Тhe Nabataeans were an ancient Arabian civilization that thrived from the 4th century BСE tо thе 1st century AD. They were skilled architects who built a network of cisterns, water channels, and other amenities, as well as carving out towering temples from sandstone cliffs.
Question 3: Which famous Hollywood movie was shot here?
- Star Wars: Episode IV — A New Hope
- Indiana Jones and the Last Crusade
- The Matrix
Correct Answer: Indiana Jones and the Last Crusade
Fact: The third Indiana Jones movie, directed by Steven Spielberg, was the highest-grossing film in 1989. Petra serves as the backdrop in the final scene of the movie, where Indy finds the Holy Grail.